You've applied for your mortgage, gone through the home inspection, and signed your Purchase and Sale Agreement. Now all you have to do is pick paint colors and decide where to put the couch, right? Wrong. There's still the matter of closing the deal.
At the loan closing, the title is transferred from the seller to the buyer and all monies are exchanged. The real estate agent or broker and a title or escrow company agent will participate. While this can be a stressful undertaking, preparation can ensure that all goes well.
How do I prepare?
Conduct a walk-through or final inspection of the home within 24 hours of closing to ensure that the property is in an acceptable, move-in condition.
If a problem with the house is discovered after the closing, you have no recourse against the seller. Therefore, it’s important to take a serious look at the property during the walk-through.
What do I bring to the closing?
The realtor or title company agent will provide instructions on what to bring. Generally, you’ll need a driver’s license or other photo ID, and a certified cashier's check or treasurer's check to cover closing costs. The title or escrow agent will give you the correct amount prior to closing. A homeowners' insurance policy, or a receipt for the first year's premium may be required.
What happens during the closing?
The closing is the actual purchase transaction where the property is deeded from seller to buyer. This generally takes place in the title company’s office but it may also be done at your lender's offices.
Among other things, you will be asked to sign a number of documents. Read all documentation before signing, and feel free to ask the title or escrow agent any questions you may have.
There are a number of costs associated with closing the loan and finalizing the purchase of your new home. Consult your realtor or title agent for review and confirmation of your HUD-1 Statement, which itemizes all the costs associated with closing your loan.
The following standard costs are associated with the closing:
- Any points involved in the transaction (1 point = 1% of the loan amount)
- Attorney fees (if applicable)
- Title search (a check of the title records to ensure that the seller is the legal owner of the property and that there are no liens or other claims outstanding)
- Title insurance (to protect the lender and/or the buyer against loss arising from disputes over ownership of a property)
- Municipal lien search (to determine that there are no outstanding legal claims against the property that must be paid when the property is sold)
- A certified plot plan
- A full-year insurance policy
- Recording fees and transfer charges
- Prepaid interest due on the mortgage for the month in which you are closing the loan
- The first year's mortgage insurance premium, unless you have chosen to finance on a monthly basis
What documents are signed at the closing?
Learn more about the many documents you will sign at loan closing.