The State of Housing in Texas
June 23, 2017 | by Michael Wilt
The national housing market is finally returning to normal nearly a decade after the foreclosure crisis, but affordability problems persist at near record levels. That's the main takeaway from "The State of the Nation's Housing 2017" report released last Friday by the Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University.
On the upside, new construction was up for the seventh year in a row, but it's still well below the pace of construction from the 80's and 90's. The decline in homeownership is stabilizing, and the number of homeowners facing foreclosure has fallen sharply.
On the downside, the number of cost-burdened households (those that spend more than 30% of their income on housing) remains high at 38.9 million nationally. Even worse, more than 70% of the lowest-income households (earning less than $15,000) are severely cost-burdened (spend more than 50% of their income on rent). Households that are cost-burdened or severely cost-burdened often have to forego other necessities, such as quality food or medical care, to afford their monthly housing costs.
Here's a closer look at key takeaways for Texas:
1. Metro Areas are Adding High-Rent Units and Losing Low-Rent Units
From 2005 to 2015, Dallas added 27,886 units that rent for $2,000 or more while losing 28,073 units that rent for $700 or less. Over that same period, the same held true for Austin (added 12,809 units at $2,000 or more and lost 27,494 at $700 or less), Houston (added 33,118 and lost 8,440) and San Antonio (added 4,744 and lost 1,100).
2. Renters Continue to be Cost-Burdened
In the Houston Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), 46.7% of renters are housing cost-burdened, and 24.9% are severely housing cost-burdened. The numbers aren't much better across the state.
- In the Dallas-Fort Worth MSA, 45.9% are cost-burdened, and 22.7% are severely cost-burdened.
- In the San Antonio MSA, 44.2% are cost-burdened, and 21.5% are severely cost-burdened.
- In the Austin MSA, 47.8% are cost-burdened, and 23.1% are severely cost-burdened.
- In the McAllen-Edinburg MSA, 47.6% are cost-burdened, and 28.6% are severely cost-burdened.
- The El Paso MSA is faring the best with 40.9% of renters cost-burdened and 18.4% severely cost-burdened, which is the lowest number among metro areas in the country.
3. Median Price Home Remains Out of Reach for Many
The McAllen-Edinburg MSA is the strongest area for homeownership opportunities as 74.4% of households can afford the median price home. The El Paso MSA checks in at 68.5%, followed by the Dallas-Fort Worth MSA at 65.5%, the Houston MSA at 63.7%, and the San Antonio MSA at 63.6%. The Austin MSA is well below the other areas at 59%.
4. Suburbanization of Poverty
Poverty is growing in suburban areas. The number of poor households living in high-poverty tracts in low-density areas more than doubled in the Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth, and Houston MSAs.
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